To The Editor:
According to Larry Sabato (director of politics, University of Virginia) it would be better if states do not address this problem one by one, as 50 different solutions would be the outcome. It is hoped that we never again elect by electoral college vote a president who does not also win the popular vote.
At present all but two states are winner take all. The two exceptions are Maine (since 1972) and Nebraska (since 1996). The U.S. Constitution allows states to determine the allocation of their own votes within the state.
It is very probably that the present redistricting will be used as another tool of manipulation favoring incumbent parties through favorable assignment of electoral votes. For example, some states assign electoral votes by house district, which may already be gerrymandered to favor the party in power.
Governors and state legislatures thus gain influence over the selection of the president.
The opinion of many experts who have extensively studied the Electoral College is that
The electoral college should be kept, but
Votes should be proportional to state population
So that state politicians cannot manipulate the presidency through the reapportionment process.
Warning to Florida voters: watch carefully for redistricting and its effects on the electoral college.